At the intersection of psychology and history are questions like:

Why did political and military leaders make the decisions they did? / How did some women manage to pass as male soldiers during the U.S. Civil War? / Why were certain issues so important to some people that they were willing to die for their beliefs?


I’m a psychology professor at Ball State University. My research investigates psychology and law, specifically eyewitness memory and juror decision making. I’ve published articles on the weapon focus effect, deception, retracted confessions, and psychological harm. I teach courses in cognition, psychology and law, and statistics.



I also study history. I created a seminar called “Psychology and the U.S. Civil War” and recruited a class of graduate and undergraduate students.

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I’m working on a novel set during the Civil War. The story: Guided by visions she believes are sent by God, a young Indiana woman leaves home to search for her MIA brother. To cope with gender-based discrimination, she disguises herself as a soldier, and in the process she discovers personal freedom.