My research at Ball State University focuses on psychology and the legal system. Specific topics include eyewitness memory, juror decision making, confessions, deception, and school bullying. Although I often work with student collaborators, I’m not currently accepting undergraduate research assistants or graduate students.


Pickel, K. L., & Sneyd, D. E. (2018).  The weapon focus effect is weaker with Black versus White male perpetrators.  Memory, 26, 29-41.


Pickel, K. L., & Gentry, R. H. (2017). Mock jurors' expectations regarding the psychological harm experienced by rape victims as a function of rape prototypicality. Psychology, Crime, and Law, 23, 254-273.


Pickel, K. L., & Gentry, R. H. (2017). Slut shaming in a school bullying case: Evaluators ignore level of harm when the victim self-presents as sexually available. Sex Roles, 76, 89-98.


Pickel, K. L. (2015). Eyewitness memory. In J. M. Fawcett, E. F. Risko, & A. Kingstone (Eds.), The handbook of attention (pp. 485-502). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.


Gentry, R. H., & Pickel, K. L. (2015). Jurors’ evaluations of a high school bullying case in which the victim attempted suicide. New Criminal Law Review, 19, 63-92.


Gentry, R. H., Pickel, K. L., & Johnson, M. C. (2015). Evaluations of a bullying case involving a victim with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 45, 67-79.


Gentry, R. H., & Pickel, K. L. (2014). Male and female observers’ evaluations of a bullying case as a function of degree of harm, type of bullying, and academic level. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment, & Trauma, 23, 1038-1056.


Pickel, K. L., Bauer, H. M., & Klauser, B. M. (2014). The cost of detecting deception: Judging veracity makes eyewitnesses remember a suspect less accurately but with more certainty. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 28, 314-326.


Pickel, K. L., Kulig, T. C., & Bauer, H. M. (2013). Judging veracity impairs eyewitnesses’ memory of a perpetrator. Memory, 21, 843-856.


Pickel, K. L., Warner, T. C., Miller, T. J., & Barnes, Z. T. (2013). Conceptualizing defendants as minorities leads mock jurors to make biased evaluations in retracted confession cases. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 19, 56-69.


Pickel, K. L., & Staller, J. B. (2012). A perpetrator’s accent impairs witnesses’ memory for physical appearance. Law and Human Behavior, 36, 140-150.


Warner, T. C., & Pickel, K. L. (2010). Camera perspective and trivial details interact to influence jurors' evaluations of a retracted confession. Psychology, Crime, and Law, 16, 493-506.


Pickel, K. L. (2009). The weapon focus effect on memory for female versus male perpetrators. Memory, 17, 664-678.


Pickel, K. L., Karam, T. J., & Warner, T. C. (2009). Jurors’ responses to unusual inadmissible evidence. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 36, 466-480.


Pickel, K. L., Narter, D. B., Jameson, M. M., & Lenhardt, T. T. (2008). The weapon focus effect in child eyewitnesses. Psychology, Crime, and Law, 14, 61-72.


Pickel, K. L., Ross, S. J., & Truelove, R. S. (2006). Do weapons automatically capture attention? Applied Cognitive Psychology, 20, 871-893.


Pickel, K. L. (2004). When a lie becomes the truth: The effects of self-generated misinformation on eyewitness memory. Memory, 12, 14-26.


Pickel, K. L., French, T. A., & Betts, J. M. (2003). A cross-modal weapon focus effect: The influence of a weapon's presence on memory for auditory information. Memory, 3, 277-292.


Balogh, D. W., Kite, M. E., Pickel, K. L., Canel, D., & Schroeder, J. (2003). The effects of delayed report and motive for reporting on perceptions of sexual harassment. Sex Roles, 48, 337-348.


Pickel, K. L. (1999). Distinguishing eyewitness descriptions of perceived objects from descriptions of imagined objects. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 13, 399-413.


Pickel, K. L. (1999). The influence of context on the "weapon focus" effect. Law and Human Behavior, 23, 299-311.


Pickel, K. L. (1998). The effects of motive information and crime unusualness on jurors' judgments in insanity cases. Law and Human Behavior, 22, 571-584.


Pickel, K. L. (1998). Unusualness and threat as possible causes of “weapon focus.” Memory, 6, 277-295.


Pickel, K. L. (1995). Inducing jurors to disregard inadmissible evidence: A legal explanation does not help. Law and Human Behavior, 19, 407-424.